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Improve the Durability of Your Parking Garage. Investing in a building is a good one for the future. There are many considerations to make when building a parking garage while it is still being designed because the life of your parking garage depends on it. Here are the tips for designing your parking garage so that it will stand the test of time. Because of the importance of details in designing and constructing parking garages, you should choose a designer who will focus his attention to detail. A carefully detailed design structure that addresses serviceability concerns like shrinkage of concrete, thermal movement, restraining effects, deflection, steel corrosion, and other concerns will help to increase the life span of the structure. Make you design team engaged throughout the entire construction and include the provisions of the International building code for structural tests and special inspections so that the contractor’s work will be evaluated for compliance with the intent of the design. Joints and exposed steel connections are present in precast concrete for your garage. To reduce opportunities for deterioration make sure that they are properly detailed and constructed. Hot dipped galvanized exposed steel connections and embedded plates is something basic that should be done at once.
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If you have a cast-in-place post tensioned concrete structure, make use of encapsulated tendons and a concrete mix design which is proportioned for durability.
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If you increase the protective concrete cover over the embedded reinforcing steel, then it is another easy way of achieving improved durability. For surfaces exposed to de-icing chemicals and other harsh elements, you need 2 inches of thickness for the surface. What is preferred is black mild steel reinforcement with increased cover over epoxy coated reinforcement with less cover. IF there are cost in place concrete portions of a structure, electrical conduits to be embedded in it is not allowed. This is because a lot of parking garages have been damaged severely from embedded electrical conduit that has corroded and expanded, which has caused delamination and spalling. The minimum floor slope for positive drainage should be observed to effectively increase a parking structure’s life expectancy. Corrosion caused by contaminated water leaching is reduced. Maintenance and parking garage cleaning should not be neglected. Extending the life of your parking garage needs regular maintenance like removing harmful elements that are found in the garage even before they can cause damage, retouching galvanized coatings on exposed steel connections, and repairing failed joint seals and sealants. The best practice for parking garage design for durability is one without the need for a surface applied traffic coating. IF the garage lacks the best practices to design for durability, then traffic coatings can be used for extending the life of a garage. Reducing energy can be done by using traffic coating.